A country is considered rich or poor not just on the basis of its income levels but taking the Human Development Index (HDI) into account. This is an indicator of its life expectancy, income indices and education. Here is a list of top ten poorest countries in the world with most of these located in one continent, Africa.
Congo is considered the world’s poorest country. Originally known as Zaire, the country does not receive any visitors. It is also listed as one of the most dangerous countries in the world.
This landlocked country is located in southern Africa. According to 2012 estimates, its population is 12.6 million people. It ranks at 173rd position in the HDI. Although the country has abundant natural resources, but foreign investors do not prefer to trade with it. This is mainly because of its high corruption levels.
Located in the west-Africa, it has a population of 4.1 million. It ranks at 174th position in the HDI. The civil war of 1989 is one of the top reasons behind its poverty. As a result, it is deficient in school and health facilities.
It is a landlocked west-African country named after the river Niger. According to 2012 records, the country has a population of about 16 million people. The main reason behind its poverty is the unstable political leadership. It is not a safe place for women to live.
The country has a weak legal system, high corruption and bad economic management. AIDS or HIV is the most common disease among its people. Children here suffer mostly from malnutrition. Per 2012 estimates, its population is 8.7 million.
5. Central African Republic
It is located in central Africa. According to 2009 estimates, its population is 4.4 million. The country ranks at 179th position in the HDI. Its GDP is $3.641 billion and per capita income is $767. Poor management and dishonesty are the most important reasons behind its poverty. AIDS is the most common disease among its people.
Farming is the major occupation since 80% of the people are involved in it. According to 2012 estimates, its population is 6 million people. The country ranks at 177th position in the HDI.
3. Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone is at the eighth position in the top ten list. The unemployment level in the country is very high. People here don’t even have access to clean drinking water.
Located in the southeast part of Africa, it has a population of about 15 million people. Apart from being one of the top ten poorest countries, it is also listed among the most dangerous countries of the world. The country’s poor communication system is the major contributor towards its poor economic growth.
This is the west-African country with 139th rank in HDI. According to 2013 records, the country has a population of 7 million people. The main cause behind its economic problems is the instability of its economic system.